Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

French Influence on the Art World: France

The Art Story

Museums in France

The museums in France can be divided into five categories:

  • Art Museums and Galleries
  •  French Curators
  • Museums in Paris
  • National Museums of France
  •  People Museums of France. 

Some famous Art museums and galleries of France are Carnavalet Museum, Chateau de Fontainebleau, Musee des Beaux-Arts Jules Cheret, Strasbourg Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Musee des Augustins and Palace of Versailles. Some famous French curators are Iris Clert, georges Henri Riviere, Catherine Millet and Pierre Toutain-Dorbec. 

France Monuments

This culturally rich country is home to many monuments such as the Eiffel Tower, Chateau Royal de Blois, Chateau de Valencay, the Popes' Palace in Avignon, Chateau des Baux and Villa Ephrussi de Rothschild. Most of the popular monuments of France can be seen in Paris such as Arc de Triomphe, Centre National D'Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou, Conciergerie, Ecole Militaire, Invalides, Eglise de la Madeleine and Obelisque.

The Twentieth Century

The innovations of postimpressionism, combined with the influence of Cézanne and a new current of interest in the art of Africa, to give rise to the early 20th-century movements of fauvism, led by Matisse and Rouault, and cubism, created by Picasso and Braque. Picasso's work, spanning seven decades, provided in its enormous variety of styles a working vocabulary for many of the major art movements of the 20th cent. After World War I a further reaction against the decorative and formal emphasis of prewar art resulted in the emergence of surrealism and Dada. Paris had become the artistic center of Europe in the 19th cent. and the school of Paris continued as a source of aesthetic inspiration in the 20th cent.

In sculpture, a new emphasis on relatively static, simplified forms was shown in the works of Aristide Maillol and the Romanian Constanin Brancusi, who worked in Paris and whose strong, exquisite style had a profound influence on 20th-century sculpture. Other major sculptors of the modern era include Charles Despiau, Henri Laurens, and Raymond Duchamp-Villon.

After 1945 the leading painters, including Nicholas de Staël, Jean Fautrier, Georges Mathieu, and Pierre Soulages worked in the idiom of abstract expressionism, while Jean Dubuffet emerged as the initiator of l'art brut, with strikingly grotesque images constructed of almost any conceivable sort of material.

In the decorative arts, the 20th cent. saw an attempt to revive the craft tradition and to introduce nonderivative designs. Leading artists such as Maillol, Matisse, and Lurç furnished tapestry and textile designs. In addition, new tendencies toward simplification and functionalism were manifest in the furniture of the modern style. More recently, postmodernism has had a strong effect on the decorative arts.

French art


The Lourve

French Art and Culture

France has a fascinating history of art. Most of the provincial areas of France are blessed with impressive monuments of art and architecture. Most of France's cultural enrichment took place during the crucades. The intellectual and artistic life of France flourished the most in the 12th century. French Art can be divided into five different periods, Pre-history, Celtic and Roman period, Medieval Period, Early Modern Period and Modern Period.

Art in France comprises of Paleolithic Art, Neolithic and Celtic Art, Archeological Influence, Romanesque Art, Gothic Art, Renaissance Art, Mannerism, The Baroque, Late Baroque and Rococo, Neoclassicism, Romanticism, Impressionism, Symbolism and the pre-Raphaelites, Art Nouveau, Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism; Modernism, Dadaism and Surrealism, Abstract Art, Folk Art, Primitive Art; Realism and Pop-Art and Contemporary Architecture.

The earliest known European Art belongs to the Upper Palaeolithic period. There are cave paintings including famous paintings at Pech Merle, Lascaux, Cosquer Cave, Chauvet Cave and the Trios-Freres Cave and portable art. 

Mona Lisa