Civil Rights Act (1964)
In a nationally televised address on June 6, 1963, President John F. Kennedy
urged the nation to take action toward guaranteeing equal treatment of every
American regardless of race. Soon after, Kennedy proposed that Congress consider
civil rights legislation that would address voting rights, public accommodations,
school desegregation, nondiscrimination in federally assisted programs, and more.
Despite Kennedy’s assassination in November of 1963, his proposal culminated in the
Civil Rights Act of 1964, signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson just a few hours
after House approval on July 2, 1964. The act outlawed segregation in businesses such
as theaters, restaurants, and hotels. It banned discriminatory practices in employment and
ended segregation in public places such as swimming pools, libraries, and public schools.
Passage of the act was not easy. House opposition bottled up the bill in the House Rules
Committee. In the Senate, opponents attempted to talk the bill to death in a filibuster. In early
1964, House supporters overcame the Rules Committee obstacle by threatening to send the
bill to the floor without committee approval. The Senate filibuster was overcome through the
floor leadership of Senator Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota, the considerable support of
President Lyndon Johnson, and the efforts of Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen of
Illinois, who convinced Republicans to support the bill.
Michael Brown, an unarmed black teenager, was shot and killed on Aug. 9, 2014, by Darren Wilson, a white police officer, in Ferguson, Mo., a suburb of St. Louis. The shooting prompted protests that roiled the area for weeks. On Nov. 24, the St. Louis County prosecutor announced that a grand jury decided not to indict Mr. Wilson. The announcement set off another wave of protests. In March, the Justice Department called on Ferguson to overhaul its criminal justice system, declaring that the city had engaged in constitutional violations
Darren Dean Wilson (born May 14, 1986) is an American former police officer. He is known for shooting and killing Michael Brown, an 18-year-old African American man, who had an altercation with Wilson, leading to the controversial death of Brown on August 9, 2014 in Ferguson, Missouri.
Three minutes - that is how long it took from the time Officer Darren Wilson confronted teenager Michael Brown at 12:01, and 12:04 when other officers arrived on the scene to find Brown dead.
Those three minutes, and the fallout that followed, have been the source of protests, headlines and general unrest in the St Louis suburb of Ferguson, Missouri. But what exactly happened in that time is still a source of confusion.