Fred Parmenter and Alessandro Berardelli were shot several times and killed during a mid-afternoon armed robbery of a shoe company in South Braintree, Massachusetts.
Out of this rather unremarkable crime grew one of the most famous trials in American history and a landmark case in forensic crime detection.
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were arrested for the murders.
Sacco and Vanzetti were anarchists, believing that social justice would come only through the destruction of governments.
On July 14, 1921, Sacco and Vanzetti were found guilty; they were sentenced to death.
Sacco and Vanzetti were executed in August 1927
For a sizable portion of the American intellectual community their case symbolized the fight for justice for ethnic minorities, the poor, and the politically unorthodox.
The case had a catalytic influence on the subsequent development of leftist thought in America.
In October 1961, and again in March 1983, new investigations were conducted into the matter, but both revealed that Sacco’s revolver was indeed the one that fired the bullet and killed the security guards. On August 23, 1977, Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis issued a proclamation that Sacco and Vanzetti had not received a fair trial.